Understanding lymphoedema, its causes and how to self-manage the condition puts you in control.

What is lymphoedema?

Lymphoedema is the swelling of a limb and/or parts of the body caused by the lymphatic system not functioning properly and becoming compromised.

The lymphatic system plays an important role in the body’s defence against infection by filtering and removing bacteria. The swelling can occur when the normal process of lymph drainage doesn’t work properly. This can affect certain parts of the body.

Early signs and symptoms of lymphoedema may include an unexplained swelling which increases over time, or you may feel heaviness or dull ache and discomfort in your arm, chest or breast. If left untreated, it can lead to loss of function, and the skin becoming prone to infection.

What causes lymphoedema after breast cancer?

Secondary lymphoedema following breast cancer can result from damage to the lymphatic vessels and/or lymph nodes. This can be caused by surgery, trauma, lymph node removal and radiation therapy to the lymph node regions. A postoperative infection, obesity and some types of chemotherapy can increase the risk of lymphoedema.

As there is no cure for established clinical lymphoedema, the earlier lymphoedema is detected in a sub-clinical stage, the better it can be managed to prevent its development. There is a lot that can be done to reduce your risk of developing lymphoedema.

Icon is dedicated to supporting men and women with breast cancer through lymphoedema education, screening, early detection and access to management if required.

Lymphoedema screening

At Bowen Icon Cancer Centre, we are proud to provide on-site lymphoedema screening services for patients.

Screening allows for the detection of early stage lymphoedema before you experience side effects or visibly see any changes. International research has shown that regular screening, education, early detection and intervention of lymphoedema can assist in reducing the long-term impacts caused by the progression of the condition1.

This screening service is delivered in partnership with an accredited lymphoedema therapist who has extensive experience in the prevention and management of lymphoedema.

These clinics offer:

  • Thorough assessment of patients to identify their individual risk of developing lymphoedema using a SOZO® device, the latest technology for detecting earliest changes of cancer-related lymphoedema
  • Accurate and precise screening for the development and/or progression of lymphoedema

To make an appointment or to find out more information about our lymphoedema screening service, contact our centre.

Frequently asked questions

What is lymphoedema and how do I recognise it?

Lymphoedema is characterised by swelling of a limb and/or parts of the body caused when the lymphatic system does not function properly.

The swelling occurs as a result of impairment in the normal process of lymph drainage in the affected part of the body. The lymphatic system plays an important role in the body’s defence against infection by filtering and removing bacteria.

Lymphoedema can be recognised by an unexplained swelling. Early signs and symptoms include a dull heaviness, aching or a feeling of fullness in the arm, and rings/ jewellery or clothing may feel tight. Over time this swelling increases and can lead to a feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the area. If left untreated, lymphoedema can lead to loss of mobility and the skin becomes prone to infection.

Who is at risk of developing lymphoedema?

Individuals who have undergone surgery and radiation therapy for the treatment of breast cancer are particularly susceptible to lymphoedema. We encourage you to speak with your surgeon, oncologist, breast care nurse or lymphoedema therapist about your specific risk factors for lymphoedema.

Can lymphoedema be treated?

Early detection and management of lymphoedema helps to promote better outcomes. There are effective treatment programs that can reduce your symptoms, decrease your swelling and teach you how to self-manage your lymphoedema at home.

What causes lymphoedema?

There are two types of lymphoedema: primary and secondary lymphoedema.

  • Primary lymphoedema is the result of a congenital abnormality of the lymphatic system or part of it
  • Secondary lymphoedema can result from damage to the lymphatic vessels and/or lymph nodes. This may be from surgery, the lymph nodes being removed, and/or radiation therapy. Other causes include trauma, infection, obesity and immobility
How do I prepare for my lymphoedema screening appointment?

It is recommended that prior to your lymphoedema screening appointment you:

  • Avoid caffeine for two hours prior
  • Avoid exercise two hours prior
  • Avoid alcohol for 12 hours prior
What will happen at my lymphoedema screening appointment?

You will be screened using the SOZO® device – the latest technology for identifying breast cancer-related lymphoedema. You will be asked to remove any jewellery, shoes and socks or stockings, and to stand on what looks like a scale with hand piece and foot plates to receive your lymphoedema screening.  The test takes under two minutes to perform.

You will be provided with a wallet-sized card to record your measurements so you an keep a reading of any change in your readings and what to do if symptoms occur.

What does it cost for lymphoedema screening?

There are no out-of-pocket costs at Bowen Icon Cancer Centre for lymphoedema screening appointments for the first 12 months following your baseline screening. If you are referred for therapy and management following your lymphoedema screening, this may be subject to additional costs.

What happens if I’m identified as having early indications of developing lymphoedema?

Our team will provide you with a list of qualified lymphoedema practitioners in your local area who can help provide education and treatment for the early signs and symptoms of lymphoedema.


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Contact us

  • 04 896 0200
  • Level B3, Bowen Specialist Medical Centre 98 Churchill Drive Crofton Downs Wellington 6035